Hauch, Anne1; Birkl, Christoph1; Brodersen, Karen1; Jørgensen, Peter Stanley1
1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Applied Electrochemistry, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 Ceramic Engineering & Science, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark4 Imaging and Structural Analysis, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark
Multilayer tape casting (MTC) is considered a promising, cost-efficient, up-scalable shaping process for production of planar anode supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). Multilayer tape casting of the three layers comprising the half cell (anode support/active anode/electrolyte) can potentially be cost-efficient and simplify the half-cell manufacturing process. Fewer sintering steps (co-sintering), as well as fewer handling efforts, will be advantageous for up-scaled production. Previous reports have shown that our laboratory produces mechanically strong, high performing anode supported SOFC, with high reproducibility, by tape casting of the anode support . Recent initial results obtained on SOFC with half-cells produced by successive tape casting (MTC) of anode support, anode and electrolyte layers, followed by cosintering of the half-cell, showed increased performance and stability upon FC operation compared to SOFC with half-cells produced by tape casting of anode support but spraying of active anode and electrolyte . These results have initiated further work on MTC half cells. Initial MTC production results have shown that it is possible to co-sinter the MTC anode half cells in a rather large “temperature-window”. To increase our understanding of the MTC process, obtained microstructures and the resulting electrochemical performance of these SOFC, we here report a study of MTC based cells. The half-cells have been produced and co-sintered at 5 different temperatures from 1255 °C to 1335 °C. This study investigates the effect of the sintering temperature on the anode microstructure analysed via electron microscopy images; and correlate it with electrochemical performance of the anode obtained from full cell testing and analysed via iV-curves and impedance spectroscopy.