1 Biomolecular Sciences, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Western General Hospital3 University of Manchester4 University of Glasgow5 Biologisk Institut, UCPH6 Lincoln's Inn Fields Laboratories7 Biomolecular Sciences, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
Here we report the result of a genetic screen for mutants resistant to the microtubule poison methyl benzimidazol-2-yl carbamate (MBC) that were also temperature sensitive for growth. In total the isolated mutants were distributed in ten complementation groups. Cloning experiments revealed that most of the mutants were in essential genes encoding various 26S proteasome subunits. We found that the proteasome mutants are multi-drug resistant due to stabilization of the stress-activated transcription factor Pap1. We show that the ubiquitylation and ultimately the degradation of Pap1 depend on the Rhp6/Ubc2 E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme and the Ubr1 E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase. Accordingly, mutants lacking Rhp6 or Ubr1 display drug-resistant phenotypes.