Petersen, Thor Ugelvig1; Sumer, B. Mutlu1; Fredsøe, Jørgen1
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Fluid Mechanics, Coastal and Maritime Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
The time scale of the scour process around a circular vertical pile is studied in combined waves and current. A series of tests were carried out in a flume with pile diameters 40 mm and 75 mm, in both steady current, waves and combined waves and current. In the combined wave and current flow regime the waves and the current were co-directional. All the tests were conducted in the live bed regime. The time scale of scour in combined waves and current is governed by three parameters, namely the current-velocity-to-wave-velocity ratio (Ucw), the Keulegan–Carpenter number (KC) and Shields parameter (Θw ). The time scale of scour increases significantly when even a slight current is superimposing on a wave. The KC dependence of the time scale T is mainly observed for low values of Ucw in the wave dominated regime. For Ucw values larger than 0.4 no clear KC dependency was observed. The time scale decreases with increasing Θw over the entire range of Ucw.