(7S,10R)-5-Methyl-2-((3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)sulfonyl)-5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydro-7,10-epiminocyclohepta[b]indole 1a is a potent 5-HT6 antagonist (h5-HT6 Ki = 1.5 nM) which is derived from an epiminocyclohept[b]indole scaffold. In order to synthesize 1a on a multi-gram scale to support advanced biological testing, an efficient chiral resolution of the intermediate tert-butyl 2-bromo-5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydro-7,10-epiminocyclohepta[b]indole-11-carboxylate 2 was developed. After derivatizing 2 with (1R)-()-menthyl chloroformate it was found that a single diastereomer 7a could be isolated by selective precipitation from n-hexane. The absolute stereochemistry of 7a was determined by X-ray crystallography and the structure was confirmed as (7S,10R)-tert-butyl 2-bromo-5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydro-7,10-epiminocyclohepta[b]indole-11-carboxylate. Removal of the chiral auxiliary under basic conditions afforded intermediate 2a in >99% enantiomeric purity and with 80% yield based on recovery from the racemic compound 2. Intermediate 2a was used successfully to synthesize 5-HT6 antagonist 1a on a multi-gram scale.
Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 2012, Vol 23, Issue 22, p. 1522-1527