1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Mixed Conductors, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 University of Oslo4 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark
In the present contribution we discuss the influence of order/disorder on the concentration and mobility of ionic charge carriers in undoped and acceptor (calcium) doped fluorite and pyrochlore structured lanthanum cerate–zirconate solid solutions: (La1−yCay)2(Ce1−xZrx)2O7−δ (y=0, 0.02, 0.10; x=0, 0.50, 0.75). Characterization of the electrical conductivity as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure revealed contribution from electronic carriers in reducing atmosphere, but otherwise these materials are ionic conductors. Oxide ion conductivity dominates at high temperatures while protons become more dominating as charge carrier at temperatures below typically 500°C under wet conditions. The hydration enthalpies were determined by simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC). The contribution from ionic conductivity increases and the hydration enthalpy becomes more exothermic with higher cerium content, i.e. with more disordered materials. The proton conductivity decreases upon acceptor substitution of La3+ with Ca2+ which is attributed to trapping of the charge carriers by the effectively negative acceptor.