Symmastia is defined as medial confluence of the breast. The term 'symmastia' is modified from Greek (syn meaning 'together', and mastos meaning 'breast') and was first presented by Spence et al. in 1983. Two forms of symmastia exist: an iatrogenic and a congenital version. Congenital symmastia is a rare condition in which web-like soft tissue traverses the sternum to connect the breasts medially. The literature on congenital symmastia is limited, few cases have been published, and knowledge about ideal treatment is still insufficient.
Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery (print Edition), 2012, Vol 65, Issue 12, p. 1607-13
Journal Article; Review; Breast; Breast Diseases; Female; Humans; Mammaplasty