A balanced PIFA-inspired antenna design is presented for use with the 2:45 GHz ear-to-ear radio channel. The antenna is designed such that the radiated electric fields are primarily polarized normal to the surface of the head, in order to obtain a high on-body path gain (jS21 j). The antenna structure can be made conformal to the outer surface of a hearing instrument, such that the bandwidth of the antenna is optimized given the available volume. The radiation patterns, ear-to-ear path gain and available bandwidth is measured and compared to the simulated results. It is found that the antenna obtains a relatively high ear-to-ear on-body path gain, as well as a bandwidth that is large enough to cover the entire 2:45 GHz ISMband.
34th Annual Antenna Measurement Techniques Association Symposium 2012, 2012, p. 33-37