Consumption and cultural differentiation in the transnational community.Forbrug og kulturel differentiering i det transnationale samfund
When villages are marked by extensive out-migration and become transnationally extended, the dividing line between migrants and non-migrants becomes salient. But how deep do divisions run? In a cluster of Kurdish villages in central Turkey, notwithstanding continued social bonds, divisions between migrants and non-migrants are not least in existence when it comes to the cultural style of consumption practices, behaviour and manners. The mutual stereotyping of migrants and non-migrants seems to confirm that at least one version of the meaning made locally of migration is that it has deepened the social divisions of the village. But non-migrant villagers also point out that migrants have degraded themselves morally in order to obtain their material well-being. This is contested by migrants who find that non-migrants, too, are morally degraded, since they have lost their initiative and become dependents. Thus the transnational village has become a space for contesting how social status is acquired—in material wealth or in moral comportment—indicating the social suffering that migration has brought to the local sending society.
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2013, Vol 39, Issue 1, p. 161-178
cultural style; migration process; remittances; kurdish villages in Turkey; migrants in Denmark