This paper describes fault ride-through and grid support of offshore wind farms based on permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) wind turbines connected to the onshore AC network through two alternative transmission systems: high voltage AC (HVAC) or high voltage DC (HVDC) based on voltage source converters (VSC). The proposed configurations of the PMSG-based offshore wind farm and VSC-based HVDC are given as well as their control strategies under both steady state and fault state. The PMSG-based offshore wind farm is integrated into a test power transmission system via either HVAC or VSC-HVDC for comparison. DIgSILENT simulations are presented to demonstrate the performance of the proposed systems during a severe onshore AC fault at the point of common coupling (PCC).
Proceedings of the 2012 Ieee Energy Conference and Exhibition (energycon), 2012, p. 769-773