Lemkens, Pieter2; Nelissen, Jelly2; Meens, Merlijn J P M T2; Fazzi, Gregorio E2; Janssen, Ger J M2; Debets, Jacques J M2; Janssen, Ben J A2; Schiffers, Paul M H2; De Mey, Jo G R3
1 Kardiovaskulær og Renal Forskning, Department of Molecular Medicine, Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet, SDU2 unknown3 Kardiovaskulær og Renal Forskning, Department of Molecular Medicine, Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet, SDU
Arteries from young healthy animals respond to chronic changes in blood flow and blood pressure by structural remodeling. We tested whether the ability to respond to decreased (-90%) or increased (+100%) blood flow is impaired during the development of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension in rats, a model for an upregulated endothelin-1 system. Mesenteric small arteries (MrA) were exposed to low blood flow (LF) or high blood flow (HF) for 4 or 7 weeks. The bioavailability of vasoactive peptides was modified by chronic treatment of the rats with the dual neutral endopeptidase (NEP)/endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) inhibitor SOL1. After 3 or 6 weeks of hypertension, the MrA showed hypertrophic arterial remodeling (3 weeks: media cross-sectional area (mCSA): 10±1 × 10(3) to 17±2 × 10(3) μm(2); 6 weeks: 13±2 × 10(3) to 24±3 × 10(3) μm(2)). After 3, but not 6, weeks of hypertension, the arterial diameter was increased (Ø: 385±13 to 463±14 μm). SOL1 reduced hypertrophy after 3 weeks of hypertension (mCSA: 6 × 10(3)±1 × 10(3) μm(2)). The diameter of the HF arteries of normotensive rats increased (Ø: 463±22 μm) but no expansion occurred in the HF arteries of hypertensive rats (Ø: 471±16 μm). MrA from SOL1-treated hypertensive rats did show a significant diameter increase (Ø: 419±13 to 475±16 μm). Arteries exposed to LF showed inward remodeling in normotensive and hypertensive rats (mean Ø between 235 and 290 μm), and infiltration of monocyte/macrophages. SOL1 treatment did not affect the arterial diameter of LF arteries but reduced the infiltration of monocyte/macrophages. We show for the first time that flow-induced remodeling is impaired during the development of DOCA-salt hypertension and that this can be prevented by chronic NEP/ECE inhibition.
Hypertension Research, 2012, Vol 35, Issue 11, p. 1093-1101