A Proposed Educational Tool for Computed Tomographic Angiography in Acute Stroke
BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is widely available in emergency rooms to assess acute stroke patients. To standardize readings and educate new readers, we developed a 3-step e-learning tool based on the test-teach-retest methodology in 2 acute stroke scenarios: vascular occlusion and "spot sign" in acute intracerebral hemorrhage. We hypothesized that an e-learning program enhances reading skills in physicians of varying experience. METHODS: We developed an HTML-based program with a teaching segment and 2 matching test segments. Tests were taken before and after the teaching segment; the test size was 40% of the teaching segment size. We assessed diagnostic accuracy and readers' confidence. Results were compared using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. RESULTS: Four neurologic consultants and four radiologic residents completed the program. The vascular occlusion teaching segment increased diagnostic accuracy from 42% to 68% (P = .005). The neurologic consultants showed significant progress, with average scores of 50% versus 75% (P = .027). The radiologic residents showed trend with progress, with average scores of 33% versus 60% (P = .081). The entire group detected spot sign correctly 69% before versus 92% after teaching (P = .009) and reported a median self-perceived diagnostic certainty of 50% versus 75% (P = .030). Self-perceived diagnostic certainty revealed no significant increase for vascular occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: The e-learning program is a useful educational tool for users of varying experience, and it enhances diagnostic confidence.
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 2012, Vol 21, Issue 8, p. 684-688