Comparing the Wolf and Shifted-Force Approximations
In this paper we compare the Wolf method to the shifted forces (SF) method for efficient computer simulation of bulk systems with Coulomb forces, taking results from the Ewald summation and particle mesh Ewald methods as representing the true behavior. We find that for the Hansen–McDonald molten salt model the SF approximation overall reproduces the structural and dynamical properties as accurately as does the Wolf method. It is shown that the optimal Wolf damping parameter depends on the property in focus and that neither the potential energy nor the radial distribution function are useful measures for the convergence of the Wolf method to the Ewald summation method. The SF approximation is also tested for the SPC/Fw model of liquid water at room temperature, showing good agreement with both the Wolf and the particle mesh Ewald methods; this confirms previous findings [Fennell, C. J.; Gezelter, J. D. J. Chem. Phys.2006, 124, 234104]. Besides its conceptual simplicity, the SF approximation implies a speed-up of a factor of 2–3 compared to the Wolf method. We conclude that for the systems studied, whenever the Wolf method gives accurate results, it may be replaced by the simpler and faster SF method.
Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B: Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical, 2012, Vol 116, Issue 19, p. 5738-5743