1 Department of Communication and Psychology, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN2 Language, Knowledge & Formalisation, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN3 Danish Centre for Philosophy and Science Studies (CPS), The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN4 Centre for Applied Ethics and Philosophy of Science, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN
It is sometimes argued that the very existence of a notion of validity of logical inference on which all rational persons should agree is an indication of the existence of something transcendent. It has also been argued that logic can be used in order to demonstrate the problematic status of naturalism and even the existence of God provided that certain basic assumptions are taken for granted. In this paper, I shall consider these arguments, and I shall show that there are valid versions of these arguments. However, it will also be demonstrated that it will be possible for the atheist to find a way out, since all the arguments pointing to the existence of something transcendent are based on premises, which may in principle be rejected. The atheist must, however, take the validity of these arguments into account, when he seeks to establish his worldview – assuming that he wants his worldview to be logically consistent.
God - a Mathematician?: Proceedings of the Danish Science-theology Forum Vol. 5, 2010, p. 117-132