1 Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, Faculty of Engineering, SDU2 Rambøll Denmark A/S3 Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, Faculty of Engineering, SDU
(TV-sets, washing machines, textile services, bookshelves and copy paper)
This paper presents an environmental and socio-economic comparison of functionally equivalent product pairs: a product (or service) complying with eco-labeling criteria towards a conventional product (or service) within the same product/service group. The comparison comprises product pairs within the categories of TV-sets, washing machines, textile services, bookshelves and copy paper. The study included development of a methodology for the environmental and socio-economic comparison as well as the application of the methodology on the selected product groups. The study was funded and published by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency 2009-2011 . The definition of product pairs took offset in criteria for environmental labeling schemes as The EU Ecolabel and The Nordic Swan – label. The “green product” meets as a minimum requirement the standards for ecolabeling. The similar “conventional products” were “typical” representatives for the main part of the products on the actual market. This analysis comprises the entire life cycle from production, transportation, distribution to consumption and finally disposal where significant differences are identified for the alternatives.
Life Cycle Management Conference 2011: Lcm, August 28 – 31, 2011 – the Dahlem Cube, Berlin, 2011, p. 1-10