A Case Study of German Conversation between Germans and Japanese
Repair has been one of the main subjects of conversation analytical studies and the focus is often put on achieving mutual understanding. However, there are also some phenomena unique to a contact situation, which may be due to restricted linguistic knowledge of nonnative speakers, difference in the degree or manner of politeness between the participants, confidence or lack of confidence of Japanese participants about their knowledge of German, etc. Moreover, some other phenomena are considered unique to the cultural backgrounds of the participants of this research (German and Japanese), due to such factors as how Germans see Japanese, the interference of Japanese conversational styles, etc. Through the analyses of nonnative speaker-initiated repair, the context-sensitive complexities are demonstrated in this paper.