Presenter: Lotte D. O'Neill, MMedEd, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark. Co-authors: Birgitta Wallstedt, MSc, Unit for Educational Development, University of Southern Denmark; Berit Eika, MD, MHPE, MI, PhD, Unit for Medical Education, University of Aarhus; Jan Hartvigsen, PhD, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark. Title: Factors associated with dropping out of medical school: a literature review. Background: Considerable resources are spent on medical school selection and the competition for places is usually fierce. Dropping out must therefore be the worst possible performance outcome in medical education. What do we know about factors associated with dropping out of medical school? Summary of work: A systematic critical literature review of the international peer-reviewed research literature on medical education is ongoing. Inclusion criteria are: Study population=medical students, outcome=dropout, follow up period=minimum 1 year, study designs=cohort/case-control/experimental. An experienced research librarian performed a primary search of the databases PubMed, ERIC, PsycINFO and Embase in April 2009. Studies are reviewed and quality appraised on 6 domains of potential bias in prognostic type studies, namely: study participation, study attrition, prognostic factor measurement, confounder measurement and account, outcome measurements, and analysis.1 Summary of preliminary results: The primary search resulted in 625 records of which 84 appeared relevant after screening abstracts/titles. Premature results indicate that only a few (pro tem~9) studies use regression type analysis. The majority of studies are simple group comparisons of attrition rates, most with insufficient control of confounding. Very few studies examine school/curriculum related factors associated with attrition. Conclusions: To be presented. Take home messages: To be presented. Hayden JA, Côté P, Bombardier C. Evaluation of the quality of prognosis studies in systematic reviews. Ann Int Med. 2006;144 (6): 427-37.
Assessment of Competence in Medicine and the Healthcare Professions.14th Ottawa Conference: Conference Abstracts, 2010, p. 138-139
Medicinsk pædagogik; Sundhedsvidenskabelig pædagogik; Udvælgelse; Optagelse; Effektmål for studenter præstation; Frafald; Systematisk kritisk litteraturstudie; Medical education; Health science education; Student selection; Admission; Student performance outcome; Student attrition; Systematic review
Main Research Area:
Ottawa Conference 2010
Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE)