This study examined 1) effects of prostaglandins (PG) on renin secretion and renin gene expression from isolated juxtaglomerular granular cells and 2) expression of cyclooxygenases in juxtaglomerular structures. Incubation of granular cell cultures with PGE2, -I2, -F2 alpha, and thromboxane B2 identified PGI2 and PGE2 as stimulators of renin secretion; the effects were dose and time dependent. PGE2 also increased renin mRNA accumulation time and dose dependent. PGE2 and PGI2 activated adenylate cyclase concentration dependent in granular cells. PGE2 stimulations of renin secretion and renin mRNA were nonadditive to those of forskolin and were inhibited by endothelin. The findings are compatible with cellular actions through adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP). On total RNA harvested from whole kidneys, from microdisected glomeruli with attached afferent arterioles and from mesangial cells in primary culture, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction revealed significant expression of cyclooxygenase I and II. By direct interaction with PG receptors on renal juxtaglomerular cells, PGE2 and PGI2 can act as potent and rapid stimulators of renin secretion and renin mRNA probably through cAMP-dependent pathways.
American Journal of Physiology (consolidated), 1996, Vol 271, Issue 3 Pt 2