1 Faculty of Science, SDU2 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (IMADA), Faculty of Science, SDU3 Computer Science, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (IMADA), Faculty of Science, SDU4 unknown5 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (IMADA), Faculty of Science, SDU
Understanding and recognizing human activities from sensor readings is an important task in pervasive computing. Existing work on activity recognition mainly focuses on recognizing activities for a single user in a smart home environment. However, in real life, there are often multiple inhabitants live in such an environment. Recognizing activities of not only a single user, but also multiple users is essential to the development of practical context-aware applications in pervasive computing. In this paper, we investigate the fundamental problem of recognizing activities for multiple users from sensor readings in a home environment, and propose a novel pattern mining approach to recognize both single-user and multi-user activities in a unified solution. We exploit Emerging Pattern – a type of knowledge pattern that describes significant changes between classes of data – for constructing our activity models, and propose an Emerging Pattern based Multi-user Activity Recognizer (epMAR) to recognize both single-user and multiuser activities. We conduct our empirical studies by collecting real-world activity traces done by two volunteers over a period of two weeks in a smart home environment, and analyze the performance in detail with respect to various activity cases in a multi-user scenario. Our experimental results demonstrate that our epMAR recognizer achieves an average accuracy of 89.72% for all the activity cases.
In Proc. of the 6th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking and Services (mobiquitous '09), Toronto, Canada, July 13-16, 2009, 2009