In contradiction to previous research, which concentrates almost exclusively onentrepreneurs during their professional activity, this study concentrates on an earlier point in time and that is before the working life begins. Therefore, the micro-social environment (family background) and speciﬁc cognitions (fostering and hindering perceptions) towards self-employment, that in ﬂuence the professional choice, are examined in this study. Attention is also given to gender similarities or differencesand to catching a glimpse of entrepreneurial related variables as they occur over time. To examine those aspects two surveys were conducted between winter term 2006/2007 and winter term 2007/2008 at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg inGermany. Only small differences could be found between the two genders in motives for becoming self-employed The results indicate that women perceive hindering factors more problematic than their male counterparts. However, only within the perception of hindering factors especially the cohort analysis shows that the two genders differ in many aspects. Within the regression analysis the factor “risk of failure” is a stable and dominant hurdle throughout the years for men and womenequally.We could also show that the self-employment of the parents does have an inﬂuence on the founding intention of the children.
Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, 2008, Vol 4, Issue 4, p. 18-43