The Hole in the Zeroes. In and out of Art with Performative Biographism The hole mentioned in the title refers to the breaking down of barriers between art and life. This project of the historical avant-garde as it has resurfaced in the relational art practices of the 1990ies is used as one way of framing a dominating trend in Scandinavian literature around the turn of the century: "performative biographism" is suggested as a label for the widespread use of biographical or autobiographical material for artistic purposes. Another frame is performance studies. Erika Fisher-Lichte's concept of the performance as a feed-back loop is used to describe how and why performative biographism tends to course outrage and scandal. Her idea of an "aesthetics of the threshold" is expanded to cover literature in an attempt to specify the aesthetics of literary performative biographism. In the article, I also discuss more traditional ways of theorizing the biographical turn, especially Lejeune's theory of the autobiographical contract as it has been used in contemporary literary studies. Authors and texts treated or mentioned in passing include work by Peter Høeg, Suzanne Brøgger, Jørgen Leth, Das Bechwerk, Carina Rydberg, Karl Ove Knausgård, Kristian Ditlev Jensen, Knud Romer, Kim Leine - and August Strindberg. The third frame for the understanding of all this is media studies. Links are made to media history, reality formats on TV, the concept of the avatar as well as to popular music, i.e. Danish rap.
Passage, 2010, Issue 63
Dansk litteratur; Litteraturteori; Selvbiografi; Performativitet; Litteraturhistorie; Danish literature; Literary theory; Autobiography; Performance; Literary history