A retrospective review was conducted on 13 patients with esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), treated at our institution from 1977 to 1997. According to the Kadish classification, one patient was in stage A, 5 patients were classified as stage B and 7 patients were in stage C. Five-year disease-specific survival was found to be 51%. Forty-six percent of the patients experienced relapse and despite intensive salvage therapy, median survival after recurrences was only 12 months. This indicates the need for good primary control in local as well as distant disease. The role of pre- versus postoperative radiotherapy to secure good local control is discussed and compared with the literature, and treatment guidelines are proposed. The tumours were graded according to the Hyams' classification and its importance as a prognostic factor is briefly discussed.