During the 1990s emerged a de-territorialization, or ‘borderless world’ trend which tended to dismiss borders as increasingly irrelevant to the human experience. Thus, the idea that borders were becoming increasingly fuzzy became popular in political discourse, particularly in Europe. This article challenges this vision, which despite losing importance in academic circles has now been reproduced in popular culture, arguing that borders have not been removed and that territoriality still plays a crucial role at the beginning of the 21st century. This claim will be justified with evidence stemming from different policies, dynamics and discourses. By analysing the importance of territoriality from three different angles (policy, territorial disputes and discourses) the article aims to demonstrate that borders and their ‘barrier’ function are likely to continue being significant in the foreseeable future.