1 SDU Technology Entrepreneurship and Innovation, The Mads Clausen Institute, Faculty of Engineering, SDU2 SDU Design, Department of Design og Kommunikation, Faculty of Humanities, SDU3 SDU Design, Department of Design og Kommunikation, Faculty of Humanities, SDU
Knowledge is the driver of our economies today, and of our societies (Roberts, 2001; Commission, 2004; Grant, 1996). This paper looks at the development from a systems-thinking approach to knowledge (Simon, 1962; Weick and Roberts, 1993 ; Hedlund, 1994, Spender, 1996; Tsoukas 1996) towards a more relational view on knowledge and knowing (Cook and Brown 1999; Carlile, 2004). I argue, that we do not understand, and consequently cannot support the complex social process of innovating with others across boundaries, if we only apply a hierarchical, divisional, system approach to knowledge. In order to meaningfully transform knowledge across boundaries we cannot separate it from knowing and context. We need to adopt a multi-level relational-practice view of knowledge and knowing, embracing the complex dynamic interplay between knowledge and knowing on different levels of the social: relating individuals, group relations and organizational rules. What would a coherent conceptual framework for innovation practice look like?