Solov'yov, Ilia4; Geng, Junfeng3; Solov'yov, Andrey V.3; Johnson, Brian F.G.3
1 Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, SDU2 SDU eScience Centre, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (IMADA), Faculty of Science, SDU3 unknown4 SDU eScience Centre, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (IMADA), Faculty of Science, SDU
The effect of electron polarization has been suggested to explain the exceptionally large length-to width aspect ratio (more than 3000) in recently observed C_60-based nanowires. The theoretical estimates performed in the present Letter show that at room temperature the effect of electron polarization is negligibly small and, therefore, cannot become the driving force for nanowire growth along one preferential direction. Experimental measurements are in agreement with the theoretical analysis: the nanowires have been observed to emerge from the polar 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene and non-polar 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene solution of C_60, while no nanowires from polar toluene, 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene and non-polar benzene solutions could be recorded.
Chemical Physics Letters, 2009, Vol 472, p. 166-170