1 Department of History, Faculty of Humanities, SDU2 Department of History, Faculty of Humanities, SDU
religion og videnskab i dansk medicinhistoriereligion and science in Danish history of medicine
It is commonly accepted that the reformation heavily influenced scientific thinking in Europs. But in many historical accounts this effect is presented as a fundamental break in the beginning of the 16th century with previous ideas and methods. In the view scientists turned their back on ecplanations based on religion and began deliberately and determinedly to pull society away from the church. After studying Bartholin's writings, particularly some of the less known texts such as his treatice on biblical medicine, this analysis come to the conclusion that he in fact saw himself primarely as a theologian. For him anatomy was merely a tool, and so it had been for for scientists all over Europe from its gradual evovlement as a field from Antiquity to the Renaissance. It had been a tool to illustrate the greatness and perfection of God's creation in artistic ways, a tool to prove sactity, a tool to establish causes of death in both juridical and medical contxts etc.
Dansk Medicinhistorisk Aarbog, 2009, Vol 37, p. 9-19