Waiting times for hospital treatment have been on the political agenda in Denmark for a long time, and various measures have been taken since the 1990s to deal with the problem directly, such as systematic monitoring and reporting, introduction of maximum waiting time guarantee coupled with free choice of hospital for somatic and psychiatric patients, short maximum waiting time guarantee for life-threatening diseases coupled with care packages for cancer and heart diseases and extra-activity targeted hospital grants. There are good reasons to believe that these policies have reduced waiting times. In addition, a range of other measures may indirectly have affected waiting times, such as a general increase in spending on health care, the general practitioners’ role as gate-keepers, increased use of activity-based hospital reimbursement, increasing use of private heath insurance and private hospitals, and shift from inpatient to outpatient activity. A maximum waiting time for diagnosis is currently being contemplated. Experienced waiting time for surgery has been reduced from about 12 weeks in 2001 to 7.6 weeks in 2011.