Jesper Simonsen, Connie Svabo, Sara Malou Strandvad, Kristine Samson, Morten Hertzum, Ole Erik Hansen
1 The Department of Communication, Business and Information Technologies, Roskilde University2 Dialogic communication, Department of Communication and Arts, Roskilde University3 Designing Human Technologies, Administration Department of Roskilde University, Roskilde University
What. This chapter concerns how visual methods and visual materials can support visually oriented, collaborative, and creative learning processes in education. The focus is on facilitation (guiding, teaching) with visual methods in learning processes that are designerly or involve design. Visual methods are exemplified through two university classroom cases about collaborative idea generation processes. The visual methods and materials in the cases are photo elicitation using photo cards, and modeling with LEGO Serious Play sets. Why. The goal is to encourage the reader, whether student or professional, to facilitate with visual methods in a critical, reflective, and experimental way. The chapter offers recommendations for facilitating with visual methods to support playful, emergent designerly processes. The chapter also has a critical, situated perspective. Where. This chapter offers case vignettes that refer to design-oriented workshops where student groups generate ideas, such as for a campaign. The cases are set at Roskilde University. How. There are recommendations on how to facilitate workshops and develop your own practice as a reflexive facilitator. Some of the typical facilitation challenges are discussed, including supporting difficult group collaborative processes (such as dealing with interpersonal tensions). You will gain an understanding about how and why to work with visual methods and how to develop a dynamic, reflexive facilitation practice. The chapter contains recommendations on four aspects that can develop facilitation: being attentive to situatedness, differences, challenges, and nurturing reflexivity. Theoretical perspectives on facilitating with visual methods are discussed using pragmatic and dialogic approaches. A summary of facilitation stages is presented through a generic model (PASIR).