1 The Research Group in 'Working Life and Learning', Department of People and Technology, Roskilde University2 The Department of Psychology and Educational Studies, Roskilde University3 Department of People and Technology, Roskilde University
Dual systems of vocational education and training that build on the tradition of apprenticeship, have many attractive qualities, seen from a political perspective. VET systems that comprise a significant amount of work-based training, provide a valuable alternative for young people who chose not to pursue an academic career. Countries with strong apprenticeship systems tend to have less youth unemployment and a smoother transition to the labour market than others. Furthermore, from a learning perspective, the out-comes of work-based training and informal learning are enhanced when they are combined with formal education in a dual system. But historically in many countries, apprenticeship has given way to school-based forms of VET and dual systems are only dominant in a limited number of countries. Furthermore, the integration of work-based training in an educational programme involves many challenges that question the future role and organisation of work-based training in VET. In this paper, these challenges are examined based mainly on analyses of the Danish dual system of VET. In addition, innovative solutions to these chal-lenges are discussed based on experiences from other European countries.
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2nd International Conference of ESREA’s Research Network Working Life and Learning, 2014