Citizenship became conflated with 'race' in late 19th century Latin America partly on account of the new language of biological science. The article focuses on the contrast between rights of belonging and rights of citizenship as played out in the provincial town in Andean Peru. It explores how by drawing on a discourse of hygiene/disease a provincial elite was able to restrict access to public space in the town and thus deny 'Indians' the possibility of participating as citizens in urban political life.
Bulletin of Latin American Research, 2004, Vol 23, Issue 2, p. 165-180
Andes; citizenship; dance; hygiene/disease; public space; racism