In 1964 the electronic music studio EMS, Stockholm opened as a conventional analogue studio. The primary intension with the institution was to build the world’s most advanced hybrid studio and to conduct an international research program into sound and sound perception. With financial support from the Swedish government and by the effort of the studio director Knut Wiggen, these visions were realised in 1970. Meanwhile, many composers did not intend to follow Wiggen’s ambitions visions. Strong wills, social changes and technological challenges trigged countless conflicts and tensions in the milieu.