Jon Børre Ørbæk, Roland Kallenborn, Ingunn Tombre, Else Nøst Hegseth, Stig Falk-Petersen, Alf Håkon Hoel
Greenland has experienced three major socio-economic shifts during the 19th and 20th century, all of them induced by the interactions between the natural system of climate change, and the socio-economic and sociotechnical system of resource exploitation The first was the shift from a sea mammal based economy to fisheries during the latter part of the 19th century and up till around World War II (WWII). The second transformation was the shift from cod fisheries to a mono economy based on shrimp fisheries during the 1970’s and the 1980's. The third transformation is the ongoing shift towards a more diversified focus of fisheries.
Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment, 2007, p. 167-180