The study describes the development of agriculture in Quang Nam Province and the adaptation to climate change. Climate change can be defined as the deviation from the “normal” climate variation and we did not assess the anthropogenic contributions to the climate events. It was not possible to document the influence of climate change on the agriculture of Quang Nam. Administratively, agriculture in Quang Nam includes the three sectors: farming, forestry and aquaculture. From interviews we found that many Vietnamese authorities and farmers were convinced that today climate changes impact farming, forestry and aquaculture and consequently different kinds of adaptations have been introduced. We wanted to study the development in agriculture in order to scrutinize if climate events had major impacts on productivity of the three sectors. An overview of agricultural changes was provided through statistics and interviews and important climate impacts and adaptations were identified and assessed. An energy flow method was used to describe the agricultural situation. During the last decade the study showed that farmers in the agricultural field had increased the productivity and they performed strong ability to adapt to variations in the climate. Forestry adaptation to climate impacts took a long time while adaptation for aqua culture was very fast. IPCC scenarios indicates an anthropogenic climate change in Quang Nam in the future and to be prepared to such development long term physical planning should be evolved as adaptation to climate change and as well use of economic incentives in planning should be established.
Workshop Program Quang Binh Province 8-12 August 2011: Assessing the Outcomes of the Research Activities Achieved Under P1-08vie Project, 2011