Manners, Ian James5; Whitman, Richard3; Hadfield, Amelia4
Amelia Hadfield, Ian Manners, Richard Whitman
1 Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet2 Institut for Statskundskab, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet3 University of Kent4 Canterbury Christ Church University5 Institut for Statskundskab, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Københavns Universitet
Neither Continuity nor Europeanisation in the Foreign Policies of European Union Member States
The stakes have never been higher for the European Union. Its very distinctiveness – twenty-eight separate national units morphed into an inelegant but powerful over-arching supra-national institutional framework – now appear to have less, rather than more in common. Member States’ own quarrelsome attitudes, as well as external perceptions of EU actorness as diminished are in danger of eroding its foreign policy presence. Member states foreign policies have not stood still - there is little, if any, continuity with 'national' foreign policies of the 20th century. But member states foreign policies have not become unquestionably Europeanised - with the relative declne and rise of the USA, Russia, China and India in international relations member states have struggled to find new loci of foreign policy governance.
Foreign Policies of European Union Member States: Continuity and Europeanisation, 2015
Faculty of Social Sciences; foreign policy; Euroepan Union; member states