1 Software Development Group, Software & Systems, The Department2 Software & Systems, The Department3 Software Development Group, Theoretical Computer Science, The Department4 Computer Science, IT University of Copenhagen5 unknown6 University of Copenhagen7 Aarhus University8 University of Copenhagen9 Aarhus University
Container vessel stowage planning is a hard combinatorial optimization problem with both high economic and environmental impact. We have developed an approach that often is able to generate near-optimal plans for large container vessels within a few minutes. It decomposes the problem into a master planning phase that distributes the containers to bay sections and a slot planning phase that assigns containers of each bay section to slots. In this paper, we focus on the slot planning phase of this approach and present a constraint programming and integer programming model for stowing a set of containers in a single bay section. This so-called slot planning problem is NP-hard and often involves stowing several hundred containers. Using state-of-the-art constraint solvers and modeling techniques, however, we were able to solve 90% of 236 real instances from our industrial collaborator to optimality within one second. Thus, somewhat to our surprise, it is possible to solve most of these problems optimally within the time required for practical application.
European Journal of Operational Research, 2012, Vol 220, Issue 0377-2217, p. 251-261