The Role of the Inter-organizational Networks and Open Innovation
This research studies a new business model in the IT industry, the customization of standard software as the sole foundation for a software company’s earnings. Based on a theoretical background which combines the concepts of inter-organizational networks and open innovation we provide an interpretive case study of a small software company which customizes a standard product. We investigate the company’s interactions with a large global software company which is the producer of the original software product and with other companies which are involved in the software customization process. We find that the customizing company and software customizations depend not only on initiatives which are set off internally in the company, but on how the ustomizing organization’s inter-organizational network and interaction with other organizations is built up. The case company has built its network primarily on complex, formal partnerships, in which also opportunistic behavior occurs and where informal relations are invaluable sources of knowledge. In addition, the original software producer’s view and treatment of these companies has a vital impact on the customizing company’s practice which is influenced by the open innovation initiatives which the producer of the original software instigates.
Mcis 2011 Proceedings, 2011
IT business models; Software customization; Inter-organizational networks; Open innovation
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The 6th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems. 2011
Association for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL)