Business group affiliation is an important determinant of firm economic performance in the context of emerging economies. However, relationship between business group affiliation and internationalization of firms remains unclear. In the context of internationalizing emerging economy firms, many of which are affiliates of larger business groups, the question of whether such an affiliation serves as a boon or bane in firm internationalization is one of critical importance. We argue that institutional changes play an important role in shaping the relationship between business group affiliation and the degree of internationalization. Our results, based on empirical analysis of Indian firm data, indicate a negative relationship between business group affiliation and the degree of internationalization during the initial period of major institutional change. In the latter period with greater institutional stability, the negative relationship fades away. Our findings imply that advantages of business group affiliation are location bound and do not easily confer to international operations. Also, business group firms are slower than unaffiliated firms to adapt to a new institutional environment in times of significant institutional changes.
Academy of International Business. Annual Meeting. Proceedings, 2012
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Academy of International Business. Annual Meeting. Proceedings