A Feshbach resonance arises in cold atom scattering due to the complex interplay between several coupled channels. However, the essential physics of the resonance may be encapsulated in a simplified model consisting of just two coupled channels. In this paper we describe in detail how such an effective Feshbach model can be constructed from knowledge of a few key parameters, characterizing the atomic Born-Oppenheimer potentials and the low energy scattering near the resonance. These parameters may be obtained either from experiment or full coupled channels calculations. Using R-matrix theory we analyze the bound state spectrum and the scattering properties of the two-channel model, and find it to be in good agreement with exact calculations.
Physical Review a (atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics), 2006, Vol 74