Over the past two to three decades, corporate environmental management has gradually developed into a more mature discipline. Many companies have incorporated environmental considerations into their activities in order to eliminate or reduce the impact of these activities on the natural environment. The question is, however, whether managers perceive corporate environmental initiatives as a challenge leading to new strategic options and, eventually, increased competitiveness, or whether they regard it as yet another burden. Based on a number of surveys, this paper discusses contemporary trends in the implementation of environmental management systems in Danish industry up to the beginning of the new millennium in an attempt to identify any related effects on competitiveness.
Managing the Business Case for Sustainability: Integration of Social, Environmental and Economic Performance, 2006, p. 256-273