Introduction: Cholangiocellular carcinoma accounts for 3% of gastrointestinal tumors. It is the second most common primary hepatic malignancy and is associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Case description: We report a patient with primary sclerosing cholangitis and cholangiocellular carcinoma who underwent partial hepatectomy and postoperatively suffered life-threatening biliary stasis with cholascos and peritonitis. The patient had cholangiocellular carcinoma recurrence at the resection margins and local lymph node metastases, but chemotherapy was not possible because of elevated bilirubin and liver dysfunction. After successful percutaneous stenting and placement of an internal-external drainage tube from the biliary tree to the gastric ventricle, ascites and cholascos resolved completely and the patient was then referred for chemotherapy. The internal-external drainage tube was converted to an internal tube after 3½ months. The patient received chemotherapy and survived 14 months after stenting. Discussion: Preferably, bile leaks should be detected preoperatively but the ongoing development of solutions to the postoperative biliary complications seen in these patients is extremely important.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer, 2012, Vol 43, Issue 2, p. 354-7