1 Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University2 Centre for Research in Integration, Education, Qualifications and Marginalization (CIM), Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University3 Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University4 Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University
This paper analyses migration flows from 9 Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries after the fall of the "Iron Curtain", 1990-2000. Contrary to most of the previous literature, I analyze migration determinants on actual migration flows from the CEE countries into a number of destination countries. Besides economic differences between sending and receiving countries, I include a number of other variables, e.g. language preferences, education, social security pulls and other factors that help to explain migration behavior. My analyses reveal that the economic push/pulls factors play an important role in international migration from those countries. The disaggregated results show that there are large differences between the CEE countries with respect to emigration patterns. The lagged stock of immigrants, which may reflect networks has a strong and positive effect for immigrants from Central European countries, and Romania and Bulgaria, while immigrants from the Baltic countries seem to rely much less on networks. Income gaps have a positive effect on migration flows, particularly from the Southeastern countries, while employment opportunities in destination countries are main determinants of the migration flows from the Baltic and Central European countries.