Descartes rejects the concept of force or power any role in explaining movement. His argument is, that such concepts are derived from the experience of our deliberate movements of our own body. Such experiences does not yield epistemic access to nature, according to Descartes. Descartes' alternative is a geometrisation of movement, which makes the difference between movement and rest due to (only) external relations of the relevant body. In one of his preparational studies to his Principia Mathamatica Newton levels a severe critique of Descartes' kinematics and epistemology. Newton argues in favour of the concept of force and adopts experience of the own body as the legitimate basis for any philosophy of nature.
Danish Yearbook of Philosophy, 2009, Vol 43, Issue 2008
Newton, Descartes, kraft, krop; Newton, Descartes, force, body