Olesen, Martin Hammershøj3; Thomsen, Dorthe Kirkegaard3; Schnieber, Anette3; Tønnesvang, Jan3
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University
General Causality Orentations Are Conceptually Distinct from Personality Traits
This study investigates conceptual overlap vs. distinction between individual differences in personality traits, i.e. the Five-Factor Model; and Self-determination Theory, i.e. general causality orientations. Twelve-hundred-and-eighty-seven freshmen (mean age 21.71; 64% women) completed electronic questionnaires of personality traits (NEO-FFI) and causality orientations (GCOS). To test whether covariance between traits and orientations could be attributed to shared or separate latent variables we conducted joint factor analyses. Results reveal that the Autonomy orientation can be distinguished from related personality traits. The Control orientation shares a latent variable with reversed Agreeableness. The Impersonal orientation shows both overlapping and distinct features with Neuroticism. Results are discussed in relation to an integrative understanding of traits and orientations.