1 Hjerte-, Lungekirurgisk Afdeling, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University3 Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University
Psychosocial care to patients with Malignant Melanoma Intensions: The intension of this project is to link new knowledge with the nurses experience based knowledge within the psychosocial care to patients, who have been diagnosed with Malignant Melanoma (MM), thereby improving the care to this group of patients. Background: MM is the type of cancer, which over the past 50 years has increased the most in newly discovered cases, and is the most aggressive type of skin cancer. The statement above shows that this group of patients will increase in the future. It is therefore important to elaborate the care to these patients. Method: In 2007 the nurses from our ward gained experience from the psychosocial care to these patients. These experiences are a starting point to the study of literature the group has made. A group of five nurses have from this literature study, substantiated the psychosocial perspective. Results: After the literature review, the psychosocial aspects have been divided into five main areas: 1. Diagnosis, hospitalisation, and treatment 2. The body with cancer 3. Psychological 4. Social 5. Existential/spiritual Primary results show that patients with MM in general respond in the same way as other patients with cancer. As nurses, we experience that these patients stand out, is it because they find it very difficult to understand the severity of the disease; possibly due to the lack of knowledge of MM in the population. Perspectives: From the project we want to prepare clinical guidelines, these are expected to be finished and implemented during 2010.