1 Department of English, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 University of Hawaii3 School of Communication and Culture - English, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University4 School of Communication and Culture - English, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University
The verb second (V2) phenomenon, as it is found in the Germanic languages, has been the focus of much attention within recent syntactic research. In most of the literature on V2, it is assumed that the verb in all V2 clauses has moved to a head position outside IP, e.g. Cº. In Schwartz & Vikner (1989) we claimed that all V2 clauses were CPs, and we referred to this analysis as the 'traditional' analysis. In this paper we shall call it the 'V2 outside IP' analysis, and by using this term we want to convey that although in what follows we will adhere to the view that the verb moves to Cº, any analysis in which the verb moves into an Xº which is the sister of IP may be compatible with what we say here. Various alternatives to this analysis have been explored in the literature, and here we will address two in particular: One alternative is that there is an asymmetry between subject-initial and non-subject-initial V2 clauses, the former being only IPs and the latter CPs, as suggested by Travis (1984, 1986, 1991) and Zwart (1990, 1991). Below we will refer to this analysis as the 'V2 asymmetry' analysis. The other alternative analysis is that V2 takes place inside IP, as suggested by Diesing (1988, 1990), and also in slightly different forms by Rögnvaldsson & Thr insson (1990), by Reinholtz (1989) and by Santorini (1989), and accordingly we shall group these under the term the 'V2 inside IP' analysis.
Comparative Grammar - Critical Concepts in Linguistics, 2007, p. 244-302