A life stage model to investigate of Person-Environment supplies-needs fit
Sector switching is a new rising research area. Little is known about the motives and behaviors of those switching sectors. Using Person-Environment (P-E) fit theory, we seek to determine whether familiar demographic characteristics, including age, gender, having children and length of education are related to sector switching and the pattern of sector switch, public to private versus private to public. We propose a life stage model arguing that people's needs change in different life stages of their lives. We further suggest that this can help explain why they switch sector. We use unique Danish labor market data that include information on all employees in Denmark (both private and public sector). The data are for the period 1980 to 2006, and this longitudinal database includes abundant information about job changes, including sector switching. Our findings indicate mixed support for the proposition that people switch sector to obtain the best fit between supplies and needs. As expected, younger people are more likely to switch sector, and this likelihood reduces monotonically with age. Furthermore, women and expecially women with more children are more likely to got the the public sector. Finally, we find that people with more education are likely to switch from private to public sector.