1 Department of Bioscience - Aquatic Biology, Department of Bioscience, Science and Technology, Aarhus University2 Thailand Natural History Museum, Bangkok, Thailand3 Department of Bioscience - Aquatic Biology, Department of Bioscience, Science and Technology, Aarhus University
The development of larvae of some Thai commercial oyster species (Crassostrea belcheri (Sowerby, 1871), Crassostrea bilineata (Röding, 1798), Saccostrea forskali (Gmelin, 1791) and Dendrostrea folium (Linnaeus, 1758)) is described from newly hatched to the settlement stage with particular reference to changes in shell morphology. Planktonic oyster larvae were collected in the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. Different species of oyster larvae were found in the genera Crassostrea, Saccostrea, Ostrea, Dendrostrea, Nanostrea, Planostrea, Lopha, and Hyotissa. Detailed morphological descriptions and measurements are provided. Diagnostic features of the larval shape, hinge teeth, and prodissoconch sizes were identified in order to allow separation of commercial oyster larvae from other oyster species in Thai waters. Brooding species (incubatory) of the subfamilies Ostreinae (Ostrea) and Lophinae (Lopha, Dendrostrea, Nanostrea, Planostrea) have rather larger D-shaped (straight hinge) larvae than broadcast (non-incubatory) species, of the subfamilies Crassostreinae (Crassostrea, Sac- costrea) and Pycnodonteinae (Hyotissa).