Diskussion af påstanden om en overordnet forringelse af de motoriske evner
Two groups of 28 non-disabled, clumsy 6 to 8-year-olds participated in a two year field experimental study. The intervention was identical in both years. It lasted for 9 weeks and consisted of a one-hour daily gross motor training. During the first year, only gross motor performance was assessed (Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder, Kiphard & Schilling, 1974). In the second year, fine motor performance was measured also (Grooved Pegboard Test). The pupils who participated in training only during the first year were assessed at the end of the second year to analyse long-term effects. Analysis of variance revealed that the psychomotor training had been effective in both years, with some smaller differences in the amount of change. The Gross motor training seemed to affect also fine motor performance. However, long-term effects could not be observed one year after training. Pupils who participated only in the first year of training had even an absolute decrease in gross motor performance at the end of the second year of the study, compared with their own performance after the training period.
Towards a Society for All - Through Adapted Physical Activity: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium for Adapted Physical Activity, 2003
psychomotor training; clumsiness; evaluation; short- and long-term effects