1 Section for Petrology and Structural Geologi, Faculty of Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 Department of Geoscience, Science and Technology, Aarhus University3 unknown4 Department of Geoscience, Science and Technology, Aarhus University
The Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion (BKSK) consists of a >7000 m-thick Layered Series comprising anorthosites, leuconorites, troctolites, norites, gabbronorites and jotunites (hypersthene monzodiorites), overlain by an unknown thickness of massive, evolved rocks: mangerites (hypersthene monzonites; MG), quartz mangerites (QMG) and charnockites (CH). The Layered Series is subdivided into six megacyclic units that represent the crystallisation products of successive major influxes of magma. We have studied a ca. 2000m-thick section that straddles the sequence from the uppermost part of the Layered Series to the QMG in the northern part of the intrusion. Mineral compositions in 37 samples change continuously in the lower part of the sequence up to the middle of the MG-unit (plagioclase An37-18; olivine Fo40-7; Ca-poor pyroxene Mg# 57-15; Ca-rich pyroxene Mg# 65-21). Above this compositions are essentially constant in the upper part of the MG-unit and in the QMG (An21-13; Fo6-4; Mg#opx17-13; Mg#cpx25-20). The amount of interstitial quartz and the amount of normative orthoclase, however, both increase systematically upwards through the QMG-unit, implying that these rocks are cumulates. There is no evidence of a compositional break in the MG-QMG sequence that could reflect influx of relatively primitive magma. Two types of QMG/CH are known in the uppermost part of BKSK. Olivine-bearing types are comagmatic with the underlying Layered Series; the studied stratigraphic sequence belongs to this suite. Two-pyroxene QMG and amphibole CH define a separate compositional lineage related to jotunites. An intrusive unit of dominantly two-pyroxene QMG is discordant to the olivine-bearing jotunite-MG-QMG sequence near Rapstad, confirming the presence of two compositionally distinct suites of QMG and related lithologies in the upper part of BKSK. A xenolith-rich unit near the olivine-bearing MG-QMG boundary represents a major collapse of the roof of the magma chamber during the final stages of crystallisation.