Denmark and Japan as Temporarily Experienced by Fellows, 1954-2008
This paper argues that development assistance contributed to the globalization of the 20th century by financing truly global networks of people. By focusing on the networks financed by development assistance bound by the national histories of Denmark and Japan, I illustrate how the people who experience the places of Denmark and Japan temporarily integrate the national histories of these two countries in the histories of their home countries and vice versa. Thereby, I wish to offer a dynamic understanding of development history and globalization, which challenges the nationally bound histories of development assistance by Lancaster (2006), Olesen (2008), and Pharo among many others. Among network scholars Buchanan (2002) has written on the function of connectors and weak links in linking the world. They argue that the weak links, who are less rooted in one place and move around, facilitate and influence the dynamics of networks. The development workers, fellows, and international public servants financed by development assistance exemplify the function and quality of weak links, when an NGO employee from Bangladesh spend three months in Denmark and meet What is the impact of these temporary experiences of place, however, when it is often the same people who experience many different places? Along with many other so-called donors in the 1950s, Denmark and Japan chose to invest in the education of own and other nationals involved in development and thereby financed personal connections between individuals throughout the world. Development assistance , where there are two or three links only between a Bangladeshi farmer, a street child in Sao Paolo and the President of the United States, the Queen of Denmark, or a suburban house wife in Japan, who has never left the Osaka area, but mothered a United Nations Volunteer of Japanese nationality. Networks of personal ties, ideas, feelings, and material culture. By combining work on the experience of place with network historiography on migration and kinship, the paper presents a case on the function of the temporary encounter in human networks.
Main Research Area:
American Historical Association : Globalizing Historiography, 2009