1 The Section for Media Science, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University2 Department of Information and Media Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Aarhus University, Aarhus University3 School of Communication and Culture - Media Studies, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University4 School of Communication and Culture - Media Studies, School of Communication and Culture, Arts, Aarhus University
Based on analyses of 25 qualitative individual interviews with readers from different demographic backgrounds, this article investigates how readers experience and use journalism on culture in both online and print press. I argue that the use of journalism on culture is constituted within different ‘reading positions’. These ‘reading positions’ are characterized not only as objectively and ideologically determined categories (Hall 1973), but also as subjectively constituted (Schrøder 2000) ways for audiences to negotiate personal and professional interests related to their engagement in the (cultural) public sphere (Couldry et al 2007) and the media they choose to use. Different reading patterns result from the ways in which readers negotiate and use different texts and textual elements (e.g. critical debate in a review) for different purposes (e.g. relaxation, entertainment, information, education etc.). Thus, the article explores whether and how the use of journalism on culture is interrelated with more universal processes of meaning production, and therefore it draws on a socio-cognitive perspective, especially in regard to schemes of expectation and experience (e.g. Bruun 2004; Waldahl 1998; Engebretsen 1998).